Health And Medicine

  • Dan Gochberg, Ph.D. and colleagues in MRI Labs Physics / Imaging Department

    Seeing serotonin neurons in action

    The Vanderbilt MRI Labs Physics / Imaging Department (Anne Rayner / Vanderbilt) Serotonin – a chemical that has roles in multiple brain functions, including mood, sleep and cognition – is manufactured by clusters of brainstem neurons gathered in the raphé nuclei. A reliable, non-invasive imaging method for assessing raphé neuron… Read More

    Feb 9, 2011

  • Water bottle

    BPA exposure tests in question

    The industrial chemical BPA is found in commercial products, such as plastic water bottles. (iStock Photo) The safety of industrial chemicals bisphenol A (BPA) and alkylphenols, which are used in commercial products like plastics, has recently been called into question. Exposure to these chemicals is typically measured… Read More

    Feb 8, 2011

  • Kathryn Miller demonstrates saying

    Bronchiolitis in infants linked to mothers’ asthma, allergies

    Tina Hartert, M.D., MPH, left, Kathryn Miller, M.D., MPH, and Yarris Muhammed are on the team studying the links between rhinoviruses and bronchiolitis. (Mary Donaldson / Vanderbilt) An infant’s risk of developing bronchiolitis caused by human rhinoviruses (HRV), aka the common cold, is linked to whether the mother has allergies… Read More

    Feb 7, 2011

  • (Photo credit: iStock photo)

    Mapping obesity circuitry in brain

    (Photo credit: iStock photo) In the battle of the bulge, one important battalion is a set of brain cells expressing the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R). Via signals from the fat-derived hormone leptin, these neurons regulate feeding behavior and fat metabolism in an attempt to regulate body weight. But how leptin influences… Read More

    Feb 7, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Study tracks how deaf children can develop spoken language

    Volunteer Becky Clark reads to a student at the Mama Lere Hearing School at Vanderbilt (Anne Rayner / Vanderbilt) OPTION Schools Inc., in collaboration with the Vanderbilt Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, is conducting a study looking at how children who are deaf or hard of hearing… Read More

    Feb 4, 2011

  • Peter Hedera, M.D.

    Paraplegia-causing proteins pair up

    Peter Hedera, M.D. Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), a group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders that impairs the ability to walk, can be caused by mutations in more than 40 different genes. Despite this genetic heterogeneity, the pathologic features – degeneration of long axons in the spinal cord – are relatively uniform,… Read More

    Feb 4, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Going underground in search of new drugs

    Every few months, chemist Brian Bachmann sheds his white lab coat, collects his flashlight, helmet, surgical gloves and knotted rope, puts on old clothes and hiking boots and heads to a nearby cave. Bachmann, an assistant professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt, has combined his industrial experience in… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Vanderbilt joins consortium to discover and map all Alzheimer’s genes

    Jonathan Haines and his colleagues at Vanderbilt are part of a global collaboration to discover and map all genes relating to Alzheimer's disease. (Daniel Dubois / Vanderbilt University) Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and across the globe, announced today a multi-national collaboration to discover and map all genes relating… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • David Gius, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues are studying an aging-associated protein’s role in the development of breast cancer in older women. (Vanderbilt University/photo by Mary Donaldson)

    Protein related to aging holds breast cancer clues

    David Gius, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues are studying an aging-associated protein’s role in the development of breast cancer in older women. (Vanderbilt University/photo by Mary Donaldson) The most common type of breast cancer in older women – estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) positive breast cancer – has been linked to… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Breast cancer patients with strong social network live longer

    (Photo credit: iStock photo) Breast cancer patients who have a strong social support system in the first year after diagnosis are less likely to die or have a recurrence of cancer, according to new research from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and the Shanghai Institute of Preventive Medicine. The study, led… Read More

    Jan 31, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Mental health research fund lauds VU scientists

    Left to right: Karen Gregory, Elizabeth Hammock, Peilin Jia, John Panos Eight Vanderbilt University scientists have won 2010 Young Investigator Awards from NARSAD, the world’s leading mental health research charity. Each scientist will receive up to $60,000 over two years for innovative brain and behavioral studies of serious psychiatric disorders. Read More

    Jan 31, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Tennessee’s first Berlin heart infant receives heart transplant

    Nathan Roberts, an 18-month-old patient from Snead, Ala., whose heart has been operating with the help of a mechanical assistance device called the Berlin Heart since May 27, 2010, received a donor heart early yesterday morning at Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt. Doctors say the transplant surgery went… Read More

    Jan 14, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Scripps Research and Vanderbilt launch joint institute to advance science at interface of chemistry and medicine

    Personalized medicine refers to the relationship between genetic differences among individuals and corresponding differences in their chemical state and how they respond to various nutrients, drugs, and compounds in their environment. (Photo courtesy of Scripps Research Institute) Leftover blood samples from Vanderbilt’s clinics are retrieved daily from the Pathology lab. Read More

    Jan 13, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Seven Vanderbilt University Faculty Honored by AAAS Scientific Society

    Seven Vanderbilt University faculty members have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an honor bestowed upon them by their AAAS peers. They are among 503 AAAS members from around the country who achieved this honor because of their distinguished efforts to advance science… Read More

    Jan 12, 2011

  • Aliquots – VUMC research highlights

    Aliquots – VUMC research highlights

    RSV prefers stressed cells “Stress granules” – globs of proteins and RNAs – form inside cells in response to environmental stressors and are thought to regulate protein production. Several viruses induce stress granule formation, but the function of these structures during virus replication is not well understood. James Crowe Jr.,… Read More

    Jan 6, 2011

  • Impact of Recovery Act funds profound for VU

    Impact of Recovery Act funds profound for VU

    During the past 18 months, scientists at Vanderbilt University have received $148 million under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to buy major equipment, hire additional staff and accelerate their research. University officials predicted the impact of the 246 two-year “stimulus” grants awarded to more than 200 researchers across campus… Read More

    Jan 6, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Ezra Fitz: In His Own Words

    Ezra Fitz (Photo credit: Daniel Dubois, Vanderbilt University) In late January of 2006, I was looking neither at tide pools, nor at stars. I was staring intently – just as I am now, as I’m writing this – into a computer screen, trying to cover a bone-white Word document with… Read More

    Dec 8, 2010

  • Vanderbilt University

    New Comprehensive Care Center at One Hundred Oaks feels like home to its first patient

    Dr. Stephen Raffanti, M.D., with Loren Antes at the Comprehensive Care Clinic opening. (Photo credit: Joe Howell, Vanderbilt University) Loren Antes, 41, was dying to stay alive – literally. Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in 1987, Antes was subjected to a pharmaceutical regime that just about killed him. Each day he faced… Read More

    Dec 1, 2010

  • New initiative to develop a system that controls prosthetic limbs naturally

    New initiative to develop a system that controls prosthetic limbs naturally

    Anita Mahadevan-Jansen, Duco Jansen and Peter Konrad Using beams of light to allow amputees not only to control but also to feel the movement of prosthetic limbs is the ambitious goal of a new $5.6 million Department of Defense initiative. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is tapping the… Read More

    Nov 17, 2010

  • Vanderbilt University

    New NRC report provides data on 31 Vanderbilt doctoral programs

    A new report from the National Research Council offers insights into 31 doctoral programs at Vanderbilt University, and finds the programs to be competitive with those at other top research institutions in the United States. The report is based on data collected for the 2005-2006 academic year… Read More

    Sep 28, 2010