Health And Medicine

  • Image of pain pills (iStock Photo)

    Support needed to help nurses tackle substance abuse

    Support and treatment, not punishment, are needed to help the 10 to 20 percent of U.S. nurses and nursing students who may have problems with substance abuse and addiction. Read More

    Feb 24, 2011

  • Wei Zheng (Vanderbilt)

    Weight’s impact on death risk among Asians revealed

    New research about the link between body weight and mortality among Asians, which has not been studied in the past, finds being severely underweight poses a serious threat for this population and that preventing obesity is the top priority moving forward. Read More

    Feb 24, 2011

  • (iStock photo)

    Protein ‘scissors’ cut path for cancer

    The protein matriptase "cuts" a key component of the prostate tissue barrier and may be involved in prostrate cancer progression, new research finds. Read More

    Feb 22, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    ‘Glass ceiling’ exists for women surgeons

    Less than a third of surgeons who advance to senior ranks in the U.S. are women, and it's not because they're less qualified or less productive than their male counterparts, new research finds. Read More

    Feb 21, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    New model to test how antidepressants work

    A new mouse model offers the ability to better test how selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) work and could lead to the development of new classes of anti-depressants. Read More

    Feb 18, 2011

  • (iStock photo)

    Getting left-right asymmetry right

    The protein Nodal has been found to hold the keys to vertebrate asymmetry. Read More

    Feb 17, 2011

  • (Photo credit: Wellcome Images)

    Integrin curbs cancer’s spread

    Cell surface molecules called integrins have been found to play an important role when cancer metastasizes. Read More

    Feb 16, 2011

  • Martin Egli (Photo courtesy of Martin Egli)

    Fluorine aids gene silencing

    Modifying a form of RNAs may improve their efficacy for research and medical uses. Read More

    Feb 15, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Vanderbilt-pioneered fetal surgery procedure yields positive results

    Results of a landmark, seven-year National Institutes of Health-funded trial, Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS), demonstrate clear benefit for babies who undergo fetal surgery to treat spina bifida, the most common birth defect in the central nervous system. Read More

    Feb 9, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Improving heart patients’ outcomes goal of nursing study

    (iStock photo) Vanderbilt University Medical Center is participating in a multi-site, national study to identify the role nurses play in improving outcomes among heart failure patients. Nancy Wells (Vanderbilt) “Heart failure is being recognized as a huge issue in elderly and middle-aged people, and it has a profound effect on… Read More

    Feb 9, 2011

  • Dan Gochberg, Ph.D. and colleagues in MRI Labs Physics / Imaging Department

    Seeing serotonin neurons in action

    The Vanderbilt MRI Labs Physics / Imaging Department (Anne Rayner / Vanderbilt) Serotonin – a chemical that has roles in multiple brain functions, including mood, sleep and cognition – is manufactured by clusters of brainstem neurons gathered in the raphé nuclei. A reliable, non-invasive imaging method for assessing raphé neuron… Read More

    Feb 9, 2011

  • Water bottle

    BPA exposure tests in question

    The industrial chemical BPA is found in commercial products, such as plastic water bottles. (iStock Photo) The safety of industrial chemicals bisphenol A (BPA) and alkylphenols, which are used in commercial products like plastics, has recently been called into question. Exposure to these chemicals is typically measured… Read More

    Feb 8, 2011

  • Kathryn Miller demonstrates saying

    Bronchiolitis in infants linked to mothers’ asthma, allergies

    Tina Hartert, M.D., MPH, left, Kathryn Miller, M.D., MPH, and Yarris Muhammed are on the team studying the links between rhinoviruses and bronchiolitis. (Mary Donaldson / Vanderbilt) An infant’s risk of developing bronchiolitis caused by human rhinoviruses (HRV), aka the common cold, is linked to whether the mother has allergies… Read More

    Feb 7, 2011

  • (Photo credit: iStock photo)

    Mapping obesity circuitry in brain

    (Photo credit: iStock photo) In the battle of the bulge, one important battalion is a set of brain cells expressing the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R). Via signals from the fat-derived hormone leptin, these neurons regulate feeding behavior and fat metabolism in an attempt to regulate body weight. But how leptin influences… Read More

    Feb 7, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Study tracks how deaf children can develop spoken language

    Volunteer Becky Clark reads to a student at the Mama Lere Hearing School at Vanderbilt (Anne Rayner / Vanderbilt) OPTION Schools Inc., in collaboration with the Vanderbilt Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, is conducting a study looking at how children who are deaf or hard of hearing… Read More

    Feb 4, 2011

  • Peter Hedera, M.D.

    Paraplegia-causing proteins pair up

    Peter Hedera, M.D. Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), a group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders that impairs the ability to walk, can be caused by mutations in more than 40 different genes. Despite this genetic heterogeneity, the pathologic features – degeneration of long axons in the spinal cord – are relatively uniform,… Read More

    Feb 4, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Going underground in search of new drugs

    Every few months, chemist Brian Bachmann sheds his white lab coat, collects his flashlight, helmet, surgical gloves and knotted rope, puts on old clothes and hiking boots and heads to a nearby cave. Bachmann, an assistant professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt, has combined his industrial experience in… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Vanderbilt joins consortium to discover and map all Alzheimer’s genes

    Jonathan Haines and his colleagues at Vanderbilt are part of a global collaboration to discover and map all genes relating to Alzheimer's disease. (Daniel Dubois / Vanderbilt University) Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and across the globe, announced today a multi-national collaboration to discover and map all genes relating… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • David Gius, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues are studying an aging-associated protein’s role in the development of breast cancer in older women. (Vanderbilt University/photo by Mary Donaldson)

    Protein related to aging holds breast cancer clues

    David Gius, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues are studying an aging-associated protein’s role in the development of breast cancer in older women. (Vanderbilt University/photo by Mary Donaldson) The most common type of breast cancer in older women – estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) positive breast cancer – has been linked to… Read More

    Feb 1, 2011

  • Vanderbilt University

    Breast cancer patients with strong social network live longer

    (Photo credit: iStock photo) Breast cancer patients who have a strong social support system in the first year after diagnosis are less likely to die or have a recurrence of cancer, according to new research from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and the Shanghai Institute of Preventive Medicine. The study, led… Read More

    Jan 31, 2011