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NIDDK Archives

Setting traps to probe gene function

Oct. 18, 2012—A new method for creating genetic mutations that can be activated at certain times or in specific tissues will enable studies to probe gene function.

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How ‘Jedi’ disposes of dead neurons

Sep. 19, 2012—The protein Syk is essential for clearing away neuron “corpses” in the developing peripheral nervous system.

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Enzyme counters stomach acid attack

Sep. 11, 2012—Dysfunction or loss of an “antioxidant” enzyme may lead to higher risk for esophageal cancer in patients with gastric reflux disease.

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Ancestry impacts smoking risk for lungs

Aug. 7, 2012—Smoking is more detrimental to lung function in individuals with high proportions of African ancestry.

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On the hunt for bladder cancer factors

Jul. 26, 2012—A protein linked to aggressive bladder cancers could point to new strategies for treatment or prevention.

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Gene’s impact on ‘good’ cholesterol could affect heart disease risk

Jul. 12, 2012—A genetic variant may help keep an individual’s “good” cholesterol in check.

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Receptor’s role in nutrition brain circuitry

Jul. 3, 2012—New findings point to brain circuitry that communicates about the body’s nutritional status and regulates how nutrients are mobilized.

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Low oxygen could protect sick kidneys

Jun. 28, 2012—Low oxygen – and the activation of factors that respond to this situation – may be protective in chronic kidney disease.

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Beta cell imaging could help spot diabetes earlier

May. 23, 2012—Vanderbilt researchers have developed a biomarker for beta cells that could make it easier to detect diabetes earlier.

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Intestinal artillery launches anti-bacterial attack

May. 14, 2012—The epithelial cells that line the intestines have a newly discovered mechanism for protecting us against microbes: they fire anti-bacterial "bullets" into the gut.

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Early stomach troubles augur anxiety

May. 2, 2012—Children with stomach troubles grow up to be anxious adolescents and young adults, according to a recent study.

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Targeting post-transplant diabetes

Apr. 12, 2012—Targeting diabetes that develops after a stem cell transplant may help moderate graft-vs.-host disease, an adverse effect of the procedure, and improve outcomes.

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