Richard Chenoweth: History You’ve Never Seen

Richard Chenoweth, BS’79

Richard Chenoweth, BS’79


In 1814 the U.S. Capitol building was burned by the British, destroying what Thomas Jefferson had called “the handsomest room in the world”: the Hall of Representatives, which had been completed just a few years earlier by architect Benjamin Latrobe. Sadly, no visual record exists of Latrobe’s masterpiece, with its faux-painted domed ceiling punctuated by 100 sunken skylight panels—but Princeton, N.J., architect and illustrator Richard Chenoweth is in the process of bringing it to life.

Backed by two fellowships from the U.S. Capitol Historical Society, Chenoweth has researched and analyzed Latrobe’s original construction documents, housed in the Library of Congress. Through a stunning computer-graphic simulation, he is rebuilding the pre-1814 Capitol—down to the furniture, light fixtures and carpet patterns—based on facts, historical sources and letters. When completed, viewers will be able to take a virtual tour, in still images and video, of the Hall of Representatives and other portions of the structure.

“I get to be a forensic detective in piecing this thing together,” says Chenoweth. “It’s an exercise in architectural history. Architecture is the most visual and tactile of the arts. I’m not going to write an essay about this legendary chamber of American history; instead, I want to show you the pictures. I want to take you into the room itself.”

Eventually, Chenoweth would like to recreate the Capitol as it appeared at other pivotal points in its history and, ultimately, produce a documentary film about his efforts. See images of Chenoweth’s work now at

Computer Capitol

A progress image of the Hall of Representatives shows Latrobe's innovative roof framing plan.

  • zachariah Mattheus

    I am very interested to know what volumes were contained in the LOC pre-burning of Washington and if any of these volumes exist today.