Delirium and mortality reexamined

    A multicenter study of ICU patients found that in the hospital, delirium was associated with a nearly three-fold increase in risk of death the following day, but after discharge there was no association between delirium and mortality. Read More

    Jul 8, 2021

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    Dexmedetomidine and delirium

    The sedative dexmedetomidine, when administered during or after heart surgery, is associated with postoperative delirium and adverse outcomes. Read More

    Jun 21, 2021

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    Vanderbilt, Zambia researchers find delirium in hospitalized patients linked to mortality, disability in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Delirium, a form of acute brain dysfunction, is widespread in critically ill patients in lower resourced hospitals, and the duration of delirium predicted both mortality and disability at six months after discharge, according to a study published in PLOS ONE. Read More

    Feb 11, 2021

  • illustration of head dissolving into pixels

    Damage, disruption, delirium

    New findings suggest that treatments that decrease oxidative damage might help with postoperative delirium that occurs in up to 30% of cardiac surgery patients. Read More

    Apr 20, 2020

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    Sedative-associated delirium increases risk of dementia

    A Vanderbilt study of more than 1,000 intensive care unit patients around the country, nearly three-fourths of whom experienced delirium, showed that many drugs given to sedate patients in the ICU are actually increasing their chances of — and duration of — delirium instead of helping them recover. Read More

    Mar 29, 2018

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    Study seeks to aid diagnosis, management of catatonia

    Catatonia, a syndrome of motor, emotional and behavioral abnormalities frequently characterized by muscular rigidity and a trance-like mental stupor and at times manifesting with great excitement or agitation, can occur during a critical illness and appear similar to delirium. But the management strategies are vastly different. Read More

    Dec 7, 2017

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    Delirium, benzos and the pediatric ICU

    With other risk factors held equal, children who received a benzodiazepine sedative drug were nearly three times more likely to experience delirium – confused thought – the following day. Read More

    Oct 2, 2017

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    Delirium in the ED

    Interventions for delirium in the emergency department setting are needed to preserve patients’ long-term function and cognition, Vanderbilt investigators have found. Read More

    Mar 20, 2017

  • Delirium awareness promoted by Vanderbilt physicians

    Delirium awareness promoted by Vanderbilt physicians

    Today is the inaugural World Delirium Day, created to raise delirium awareness and inspire positive action among health care providers. Read More

    Mar 15, 2017

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    Risk factors for delirium

    High levels of blood markers for vascular endothelial dysfunction were associated with longer periods of confusion in ICU patients, Vanderbilt researchers have discovered. Read More

    Sep 13, 2016

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    Philosopher and medical researcher to discuss patient delirium

    Delirium in the ICU is the subject of a Vanderbilt University Medical Center group's research, which will be represented April 7 at a delirium forum in Furman Hall. Read More

    Apr 5, 2016

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    Delirium increases long-term disability

    Patients who suffer a longer duration of delirium in the intensive care unit are more likely to experience long-term disability after discharge. Read More

    Mar 17, 2014

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    Long-term brain impairment too common after critical illness

    A recent Vanderbilt study shows a significant number of patients are entering I.C.U.’s throughout the world with no evidence of cognitive — brain related issues, but are leaving with symptoms associated with mild Alzheimer’s or Traumatic Brain Injury. Barb Cramer has more. Read More

    Oct 8, 2013

  • ICU monitor and bed

    Study finds cognitive deficits common after critical illness

    Patients treated in intensive care units across the globe enter their medical care with no evidence of cognitive impairment but often leave with deficits similar to those seen in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD) that persist for at least a year, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. Read More

    Oct 3, 2013

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    A role for blood vessels in delirium?

    Dysfunction of the endothelial cells that line blood vessels may contribute to delirium and coma in critically ill patients – and could be a target for therapy. Read More

    Apr 15, 2013

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    Grant to bolster care of ventilated ICU patients

    Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators have received a $2.8 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to continue studying ways to improve sedation management for intensive care unit patients who are on mechanical ventilators. Read More

    Nov 15, 2012

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    Pathways to delirium in the ICU

    Study suggests that the “kynurenine” biochemical pathway could be a target for reducing delirium and coma in critically ill patients. Read More

    Apr 17, 2012