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New option could increase minority kidney transplants

Feb. 7, 2019, 4:31 PM

People with blood type B who received a kidney transplant of blood type A2 kidneys had similar outcomes to those with blood type B who received blood type B kidneys.

However, hospital costs were significantly higher in the former group, and alternative payment models should be considered, according to the results of a three-year Vanderbilt study.

The study’s finding is significant because only about 15 percent of people generally have blood type B, which is more common in African-Americans. As a result, such populations have historically been transplanted at lower rates than the much more common blood types A and O because fewer organs are available.