By Ryan Underwood, BA’96
When Vanderbilt senior Sasha Pines arrived on campus in 2014, she was intent on studying business. But like many Vanderbilt undergraduates before her, Pines saw no direct path to achieving that goal through one of the university’s majors or minors.
Instead she faced a thicket of overlapping programs across several different schools. And among those, none clearly indicated she would receive a firm grounding in the basic skills of business.
She could have chosen the Human and Organizational Development program at Peabody, selecting a track designed to train students for leadership roles in the public or private sector. Or, if Pines had enrolled in the School of Engineering, she may have considered a minor focused on managing tech environments.
As an Arts and Science undergraduate, however, Pines gravitated toward economics and pursued a minor in managerial studies, a program that highlights key topics like marketing, accounting and corporate finance.
The Managerial Studies program worked out nicely for Pines: It balanced practical business knowledge with the strong liberal arts curriculum for which Vanderbilt is known. She also made her own luck along the way, starting Vanderbilt’s first Women in Business chapter for undergraduates and securing an internship at Accenture. She recently accepted a job offer as an associate consultant at Bain & Co.’s Atlanta office.
For students like Pines, who had been seeking a straightforward route to studying business at Vanderbilt, the university launched a new minor this fall to address that very need.
After four years of planning, a committee led by Susan R. Wente, provost and vice chancellor for academic affairs, designed a business curriculum that builds upon the achievements of the Managerial Studies program by drawing on strengths from across Vanderbilt. Full-time faculty from the Owen Graduate School of Management teach a core set of business fundamentals, supplemented by management-related electives from across the university. Students can tailor their courses around one of seven predetermined pathways: entrepreneurship, ethics, finance and accounting, marketing and advertising, operations, organizational effectiveness, or strategy.
“I’m so mad that I’m graduating just when the business minor is getting started,” Pines says only half-jokingly. She notes that the professors and courses in her managerial studies minor have played a “defining” role in her education.
TACKLING BUSINESS HEAD-ON
For an institution whose founding namesake, Cornelius Vanderbilt, once told a reporter, “I have been insane on the subject of money-making all my life,” little formal instruction has been offered around the subject of business throughout the university’s nearly 150-year history.
Vanderbilt trustees debated the idea of launching a “Commercial College Department” as early as 1881 before tabling the discussion. The topic languished until the late 1950s, when the economics department housed a business administration program that became the most popular major on campus. Around this same time, university leaders began work to establish a graduate school of business, which formally launched in 1969 with 10 “student associates” attending their first classes in a vacant bar at the University Club.
Yet for undergraduates wanting to study business, the university never had taken a systematic approach to meeting overall student demand. (Many Vanderbilt alumni have, of course, gone on to highly successful business careers even in the absence of such programs.)
Cynthia Cyrus, vice provost for learning and residential affairs, says it had become increasingly clear that the university needed to tackle squarely the issue of offering undergraduates a formal course of study in business. “We saw a growth curve that was unsustainable,” Cyrus says with a sly smile indicating her fluency in corporate-speak.
Part of the problem, she explains, is that students loaded up on just about any courses that seemed to have a business theme as a way to satisfy their demand for such classes. That often led them to repeat material they already may have been exposed to in similar classes offered by one of Vanderbilt’s other schools, such as engineering or Peabody. In extreme cases, students were picking up more than one of the business-related minors. “We thought that ability to double-dip was incentivizing the wrong behavior,” Cyrus says.
Through an initiative originally launched in 2013, a committee of about 15 members—which, for the first time, included representatives from the Owen School—began its work by deciding what Vanderbilt was not going to do. The group quickly ruled out establishing an undergraduate business school or creating a business major. It also began to study other undergraduate business programs at top universities to explore how Vanderbilt could put a unique stamp on its curriculum.
The committee found an answer to that question by taking a page from the university’s then-new Academic Strategic Plan, which called for more collaboration across Vanderbilt’s different schools. “From the outset, there was a real desire to create something with this minor that was truly trans-institutional,” says M. Eric Johnson, Ralph Owen Dean of the Owen School and Bruce D. Henderson Professor of Strategy. “That’s an easy thing to say, but it turned out to be more challenging than it may appear to be. There really was no roadmap.”
The end result is a business minor that’s completely unique to Vanderbilt, Johnson says. “This is not an Owen program. This is not a Peabody program. It’s truly a university minor with a governing structure that includes representatives from across the schools.”
LIBERAL ARTS COMPLEMENT
While the new minor offers a useful framework for designing future university-wide programs, just as importantly it gives talented students a new reason to want to attend Vanderbilt, says alumna Susan Hoogland, BS’82, who along with her husband, Keith, BA’82, committed $5 million in September to establish the program (see below).
Hoogland became concerned after learning that one of her son’s high school friends was not even considering Vanderbilt because it lacked a robust undergraduate course of study in business. “Vanderbilt had been missing out on these incredibly talented students,” she says.
And it hasn’t just been potential students sidestepping Vanderbilt. Johnson says many recruiting companies have struggled to understand exactly what business skills Vanderbilt graduates might possess once they earned their degrees. Would they be familiar with basic principles in subjects like accounting or brand management?
“We were hearing from companies that there was a desire to understand what ‘business’ meant at Vanderbilt,” Johnson says.
Those pragmatic concerns had to be balanced against Vanderbilt’s longstanding tradition in the liberal arts, however—which is the reason a business minor makes so much sense, Cyrus says.
“Employers appreciate the clear ‘business’ label. Parents and students are happy that it provides a bit of practical training,” she says. “Ultimately, though, the business minor was designed to act as a complement to a strong liberal arts degree.”
Hoogland Family Gift Establishes Undergraduate Business Program
A $5 million commitment from alumni Susan and Keith Hoogland will name the university’s new trans-institutional minor for business study the Hoogland Undergraduate Business program.
The gift continues a tradition of Vanderbilt philanthropy for the Hooglands, both 1982 graduates of the College of Arts and Science. The Glenview, Illinois, couple has supported the Managerial Studies program and also served as Reunion chairs for their 25th Reunion in 2007 and as class fundraising chairs for their 30th Reunion in 2012. In addition, three of their six children are Vanderbilt graduates.
“This generous gift from the Hooglands—one of the first at Vanderbilt that will name an academic program—provides all our undergraduates the opportunity to pursue business education,” Provost and Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs Susan R. Wente said in a news release announcing the gift in September. “Adding an undergraduate business minor to our curriculum signals the thirst for business education from our students—and the appetite for innovation and leadership on campus.”
Those opportunities for students to gain practical skills is important to Keith Hoogland, who joined his father’s business after college. He is now president of Highland Ventures and Family Video, based in Glenview.
“When I entered the business world, I felt behind because I hadn’t taken classes like accounting or business,” Hoogland says. “This new minor will make Vanderbilt’s liberal arts students even better prepared when they graduate.”