Research News

Open borders – not giant wall – is best solution for immigration issue

Calling the notion of an immense wall between Mexico and the United States “nonsense,” a Vanderbilt professor in his new book makes the case for open borders between the two countries.

book jacket“The people who are standing with the loudspeakers screaming in our ears come and go and we’re used to them,” said Robert F. Barsky, author of Undocumented Immigrants in an Era of Arbitrary Law: The Flight and the Plight of People Deemed Illegal (Routledge).

“It’s part of our political culture,” he said. “The reasoned careful discussions are unfortunately few and far between.”

Barsky uses insights gained from a decade interviewing lawyers, interpreters, public defenders, police officers, jail guards and migrants themselves to break down the issues that influence people to fear undocumented immigrants because of their supposed effect on crime, the economy and other issues.


Would the United States be overrun with Mexicans if there weren’t limits to the number of people who traveled back and forth over the Mexican-United States border?

“No,” Barsky said.

“People are attached to their countries,” he said. “Their families are there. Their language is there. Their lives are there. It isn’t that much fun to come from Guatemala or Mexico and live in the states. You don’t make much money and you’re not treated well, probably because of racism. You do it out of necessity or adventurism.”

United States a dumping ground?

How about the charge that the United States is the dumping ground for Mexico’s criminals?

“[lquote]There’s never been any evidence that suggests that immigrants are the source of more domestic crime than the domestic population[/lquote],” Barsky said. “The reality is that crossing the border is very risky and your chances of being caught are relatively high. If you have a criminal background, you’re running enormous risks.”

Also, opening borders actually make them easier to police, he said.

“That’s because people would enter the country legally, rather than with the help of smugglers or human traffickers,” Barsky said. “We are seeing the effects of human trafficking in Europe, and they are tragic.”

What about safety?

For people who believe immigrants threaten the safety of their community’s streets, Barsky suggests that it’s immigration laws that keep undocumented immigrants living in the shadows and cause safety risks.

“What are the chances (undocumented immigrants) will call the police if they see something happening?” he said. “The police are potentially their enemy. The grocer down the street is potentially their enemy. Everybody is potentially their enemy.

“Is that the society we want to live in?”

Europe as an example

Barsky points toward Europe as a model for the way the United States and Mexico could manage their common border.

“Who could have possibly imagined that just 75 years after World War II there would be free movement and people in France would legally work in Germany and people in Germany would legally work in France?” Barsky said.

“[rquote]Millions of people would go across the Mexican border regularly if they could, and then go back to their home country[/rquote]. We never address the fact that a lot of people want to be here temporarily and then they can’t get out. They run as much risk returning home as they do coming over in the first place.”

Open borders are good business

Big business has much to gain from open borders, too.

“Large corporations don’t want to have their trucks sitting there endlessly at the borders,” Barsky said, noting the long lines at border crossings. “They don’t want their employees to suddenly disappear because they happened to be driving a car with a busted taillight. A mobile workforce is part of free trade.”

The moral argument

Finally, there’s a moral argument to be made, Barsky said.

“What kind of a country do we want to live in?” he said. “Open borders mean no ripping apart of families, so children can stay with their parents. It means children can be educated in the host country legally. It means social services. It means bringing people out of the shadows.”